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Wicca Basics: Creating a Shrine

A Wiccan of 25 years, Sage likes to put her background as a writer and teacher to use by helping people learn about this NeoPagan path.

What Is a Shrine?

A small shrine (which is different than an altar) gives you a place to go daily to focus on your relationship with your deities, show devotion, pray, and meditate. It does not have to be big, or fancy, or cluttered with lots of tools and decorations. It can be quite simple—in fact, simple is often better because it eliminates chaotic clutter, distractions, and dust catchers. Once in a while though, you may wish to build up your shrine and make it grand for a special occasion.

Creating a shrine is surely a personal endeavor, and no two shrines will be the same. Let’s look at the overall principles, so you can figure out the approach you want to take.

My portable Hecate shrine—it's in a wooden cigar box so I can put it away or tote it along whenever I want

My portable Hecate shrine—it's in a wooden cigar box so I can put it away or tote it along whenever I want

Find a Place

Permanent Shrine

The first step to creating your shrine is finding the perfect place. For a small, permanent shrine, look for a place where:

  • You have easy access to visit when you please.
  • You can have privacy.
  • You can get comfortable for meditations and such.
  • You don't have to worry about prying eyes or people who might touch/disrespect your shrine.
  • It is clean, calm, quiet, and pleasant.

You can really have a shrine in any room—you might worship a Goddess like Hestia or Brigit and keep a small shrine near the stove; perhaps a trivet with a red candle and a small bowl for offerings, and you can go to it when you cook. You might put a shrine out in the garden or a wild spot in your yard if you prefer to worship outdoors. If you like to give thanks before eating, you might find a little shelf for one in the dining room.

Temporary Shrine

If it’s a shrine for a special occasion, the criteria are:

  • Someplace conveniently close to the heart of the celebration.
  • Someplace prominent.
  • Someplace with enough room to go all out decorating.

For me, this is done when there is some kind of holy day or festival, such as when honoring a specific deity for a specific occasion, such as a shrine to Lugh on Lughnasadh.

What to Put on It

None of the following suggestions are mandatory, but things to consider:

Representations of Deities/Objects of Worship: a statue, a candle (pillars are best for this purpose), or a picture. Put it in a frame, and if you like you can decorate the frame.

Not all shrines are built for deities—some are built for household spirits, guardians, spirit animals, Elements, Elemental beings, or even ancestors. That’s fine, too—just pick something to represent them on the shrine.

Sacred Symbols/Objects: if you worship Artemis, you may put an arrowhead, a statue of a dog, and a crescent moon plaque out. For Brigit, you might include a Brigid’s cross, a figurine of a well, and an “eternal flame” lamp (an electric candle-flame-looking lamp, about nightlight size, that you can leave on). It’s all about honoring and making your deity (or the object of your worship) feel like an honored guest.

Items to Enhance Spiritual Experience: candles are very common. If you can’t burn candles, consider getting electric candles, low-wattage lamps, or hang string lights above your shrine for atmospheric lighting.

Scent is a powerful part of spiritual experiences so you may wish to include a censer. If burning incense isn’t possible, consider an oil burner, an electric oil warmer, potpourri crock pot.

Music can also be mood enhancing—though I don’t like to put a CD player on the shrine, I keep one nearby with meditation CDs on hand. You might also put an Mp3 player nearby or a music box.

Receptacles for Offerings: a cup, bowl, basket, vase (if you plan to bring fresh flowers), or any combination thereof. At a small permanent shrine, offerings will probably be small; for a big shrine on an occasion, you may need space for many more offerings.

Decorations: Of course you want your shrine to be attractive, so you might want to put a nice altar cloth out, some pretty crystals, or seasonal décor.

Putting It All Together

For a daily shrine, you don’t need to overdo it. In fact, the clutter can be a dust trap and have a chaotic feel to it that can defeat the purpose of the shrine. It should be a place of peace, not a place that is over-stimulating and visually confusing. So of all these items, choose only what you feel is necessary to enhance your experience. A good rule of thumb is: when in doubt—leave it out. If you really have to think about it, you don’t need it. You might even start with just one thing—your deity representation—and then just add other things you feel you need as you go along.

For a celebratory shrine on a special occasion, usually the opposite applies—you want to make it grand, you want to do it up in a big way. Think of it as throwing a party, and your deities (or perhaps some other spirits, or even your ancestors) are the guests of honor. This is a great way to have a very festive and meaningful celebration; it’s what separates an ordinary day from a holy day.

It might surprise you as to just how enriching an experience it can be to go to your shrine once per day—perhaps when you first wake up, or on your way to bed at night—even if it’s only for three minutes to say a prayer and contemplate your deity. If you’ve been longing to deepen your connection to your Gods, or to make them a bigger part of your daily life, you may want to try it.


Mackenzie Sage Wright (author) on August 12, 2013:

Thank you Victoria Lynn, I appreciate the comment! Wicca is a minority religion, so most people don't know much about it. But like a variety of religions, shrines are quite useful in our practice.

Mackenzie Sage Wright (author) on August 12, 2013:

Thanks MysticMoonlight, I appreciate your comment. I do love to look at shrines as well, I had a lot of fun searching for those images.

Victoria Lynn from Arkansas, USA on August 12, 2013:

I must admit I don't know much about Wiccan. Your article is very informative, and the shrines are quite beautiful.

MysticMoonlight on August 12, 2013:

Wonderful Hub and great insight and advice. I really enjoyed the pictures of the different shrines, love seeing how other people honor and celebrate that which is important to them.

Mackenzie Sage Wright (author) on August 12, 2013:

That's interesting! I've seen some beautiful Hindu household shrines in doing research. It seems much more common to set aside an entire room than you will find in Western religions, which usually just have a corner or a furniture top set aside for a shrine or altar. Some Wiccans keep up permanent altars that double as a shrine, but some are unable to because it's impractical (space-wise, or because of living arrangements). For the latter, it's always nice to have a little shrine stashed somewhere. Thanks for commenting!

Karthik Kashyap from India on August 11, 2013:

Thanks for putting this up. For Hindus in fact, an altar is always present in a shrine as well as a temple. Of course, in most houses, we either have a separate room, which is a shrine. If we don't have much space, we just create a small altar (a small shelf in the kitchen) and make the same altar as shrine. Of course, the biggest shrines for us are the temples.