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A Witchcraft Primer: Magic and Spellcasting Basics

Sage has been a witch for 25 years. She enjoys writing informative articles to teach others the craft of the wise.

Witchcraft, like any other skill, requires more than just following "recipes"—or in this case, spells that other people write down.

Witchcraft, like any other skill, requires more than just following "recipes"—or in this case, spells that other people write down.

Witchcraft for Beginners

A lot of people want to learn Witchcraft because they think it's going to be a quick and easy way to rewards. They think you follow instructions to light a candle, say a few words, and boom—stuff happens.

It doesn't quite work that way—spells are a little like recipes. You can try to follow along, but if you aren't familiar with the ingredients, if you don't understand the techniques, if you don't have a basic understanding of the methods or practice very much, it will be hit or miss.

In fact, the more you rely on the recipe without really learning what makes them work, the more misses you'll have than hits.

When you get a recipe at that stage, you don't even know enough about cooking to know if it's any good or if it's flawed. If you can't find the exact ingredients or the right tool, you aren't really sure what to do or how it will affect the outcome of the dish. All you can do is cross your fingers and hope for the best. Even if it comes out good one time, you don't know why so you can't really repeat it.

You want to get beyond the stage of using other people's recipes—you want to really learn how to cook. You want to learn to understand the ingredients and the tools; you want to hone those skills so that you don't have to stand there reading someone else's instructions—you can achieve your own vision of a dish because you have learned what to do.

Witchcraft, like any other skill, requires more than just following "recipes"—or in this case, spells that other people write down. It's not enough to just trust it, follow instructions, and hope for the best. It requires that you learn; it requires that you become familiar with the ingredients (components), the tools, and the techniques.

Here, I'd like to provide you with a Witchcraft primer to give you an overview of the kinds of things involved.

Understanding what you are doing and why you are doing it increases your success rate.

Understanding what you are doing and why you are doing it increases your success rate.

Theory in Witchcraft

Practicing Witchcraft is only enhanced by studying theory alongside it. I know people aren't generally thrilled about studying or reading in-depth explanations for things, but it pays off big time.

As mentioned before, putting the right ingredients together gives you hit-or-miss results. Understanding what you are doing and why you are doing it increases your success rate. It helps you understand what you're doing on many levels. It's easier to spot those spells that will work and those that are flawed; it's easier to design your own for your specific purposes. It's easier to work with your tools and components the more you learn.

So the reading pays off. There are a lot of schools of thought when it comes to magic and how it works, which is also why it pays to read a lot of different books that don't just offer spells but offer explanations, theories, and philosophies.

Read up, get a notebook and a highlighter (or a colored pencil, as I prefer) for underlining key concepts, and hit the books.

Great Book on Magic

Learning Witchcraft: Strengthening the Mind

The most important tool for Witchcraft is not the cauldron, nor the candle, nor is it even the spellbook. It's the mind.

The stronger you can make your mind, the better a Witch you will be. It's essential to learn how to:

  • maintain focus for long periods
  • move at will from one state of consciousness to another
  • access untapped parts of the conscious and subconscious more easily
  • hone your sensory perceptions
  • manipulate energy (raising, holding, releasing, directing)

The way you strengthen your mind is the same way you would strengthen any other muscles—you have to 'exercise' it.

Believe it or not, common brain teasers and puzzles are a good part of that. Reading is another way to strengthen your mind—think of it as proper nourishment.

There are also psychic exercises* to help you improve your mental abilities. Many exercises teach you how to use all your senses, as well as your extra senses. They also teach you how to sense and gain control over energy.

Probably the best way to strengthen the mind is the M-word; that's right—meditation*. I know many people don't like that word and are not patient enough to master the process, but meditation for the mind is akin to weight training for the body.

Remember, meditation is not all about sitting still, wiping the mind blank, and being bored for an hour. There are many different focal points and meditative techniques, and for those who don't like to sit still, there are even moving meditations. If you're going to practice Witchcraft, you should consider at least giving it a try.

Magic comes from knowledge, not tools.

Magic comes from knowledge, not tools.

Tools of the Craft

Many traditional Wiccan tools are closely associated with Witchcraft. Many of these tools were inherited from ceremonial magic. They do work well, which is why people of so many different paths use them; however, they're not all necessary. It's more about working with what you prefer than it is using something deemed "traditional."

Ideally, you should learn about your tools, experiment with them, and decide which ones best suit you and your needs. There is no point in getting a cauldron if you don't think you're ever going to need one; however, for some of us (and I raise my hand here), the cauldron is an indispensable tool. It all comes down to personal style and preference.

Witchcraft can be very basic; for someone with an extremely well-disciplined mind, it can be practiced without tools at all. However, most Witches will find the need to use tools for focus, symbolism, energy manipulation, or to draw and borrow energies. Starting out, you may find yourself relying more on your tools and then dropping that dependency as your mind grows stronger and stronger, and you find you don't need them as much anymore.

Early on, however, is the time to read up on tools and experiment with those that pique your interest.

Witchcraft Ingredients and Components

If we go back to our cooking analogy, your tools of the Craft are like your kitchen tools—your frying pot, your knife, your cutting board, and your whisk. Your components are your "ingredients" for your magical work.

Once again, this is a matter of preference; some Witches prefer to work with herbs, some with crystals, and some with symbols. It's fine at the beginning to follow your gut instinct; if one, in particular, attracts you, you will probably have better success with it than trying to work with something that makes you feel uncomfortable.

Remember that you don't have to go grabbing many wild, exotic ingredients—in ancient times, people did not have or the local New Age shop. They used what they had available.

What's most important is that you learn and become accustomed to (through practice) the unique properties of the various components with which you choose to work. This also makes them much easier to substitute when they're not available.

It is important to learn and become accustomed (through practice) to the unique properties of the various components with which you choose to work.

It is important to learn and become accustomed (through practice) to the unique properties of the various components with which you choose to work.


Finally, it's important to understand correspondences so that you can adequately plan and time your workings.

Astrological correspondences—the moon phases, moon signs, planetary hours, etc.—are among the most important to learn. You don't have to learn to read someone's full Astrological natal chart, but you need to understand how to apply these different phases to your workings. They lend a tremendous amount of power, particularly for someone new. Trying to send energy for your intent when opposing energies and influences are present can result in clashing energies—which disperse and are rendered ineffective. They can cancel each other out. Working with the proper timing lends your spell additional energies conducive to your intent.

Other correspondences you will want to familiarize yourself with include the elements, the directions, symbols, gender, deities, tools, and of course, whatever components with which you have chosen to work.

It's a good idea to begin keeping a chart of such things, either in your Book of Shadows, your spellbook, or whatever record-keeping system you may employ. Keeping track helps you repeat your successes, and it also makes spell planning a lot easier because you'll have one convenient place to look up all the information.

Of course, just like a chef may run purely on intuition sometimes, grabbing ingredients and throwing them into a pan, you can, too—you don't always have to stick to the formula. But again, to do this successfully requires a certain amount of knowledge, familiarity with the process, tools and components, and skills you've developed over time.

But keep in mind—they don't call it the Craft of the Wise for nothing; To earn the title, and use the Craft to your greatest benefit, takes time, study, and practice. We all make mistakes along the way (I outlined some common beginner mistakes here), but that's part of the learning process; don't let them discourage you. Little by little, you'll get there.

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.

© 2013 Mackenzie Sage Wright


Mackenzie Sage Wright (author) on September 24, 2020:

There is no tool that is required; it's best to work with things you have access to or that you feel comfortable working with. Keep in mind though that a cauldron is simply a bowl or pot—heat-proof if you intend to burn or cook anything in it. Any old cooking pot, small bowl, etc. will do.

Mackenzie Sage Wright (author) on September 24, 2020:

Hi, hon. It depends on whether or not you can study and practice. If your family disapproves, it may be best to put it on the back burner and respect their rules. There are still things you can do to help prepare and train, though. Try this article:

Keiarah Fletcher on June 20, 2020:

Can I practice witchcraft without a cauldron?

David Brimson on May 03, 2020:

I just love the way these units are written, the words, that language all of it.... so helpful.


Akansha siva on May 03, 2020:

I am new to this..will following your articles and some research help me learn and perform witchcraft?..i am really interested in this..please reply back

raymond arvidson on April 18, 2020:

can i be a witch if im in foster care

Ayden on April 14, 2020:

This is going to be so much fun!

Mackenzie Sage Wright (author) on March 07, 2020:

As a beginner you can't really help her. Someone with a lot of experience would have to work with your friend to assess the issue, and not online. Sorry I couldn't be better help than that at this time.


Mackenzie Sage Wright (author) on March 07, 2020:

It's confusing at first, keep reading and start meditating if you haven't.

Be careful of those who would answer this kind of call for help-- you don't know what you get, but reputable teachers of the craft would never answer an open call like this. Charlatans, scammers, or bad teachers would.

Are you a minor? If you're s minor you have to be even more careful but if you're 18+ I can direct you on where is best to look for help.

Bright blessings.

Mackenzie Sage Wright (author) on March 07, 2020:

I have tried to organize my articles into lessons in succession so I hope they help:

but basically reading & meditating are the best places to start, they lay a foundation of knowledge and mental discipline that is necessary.

Bright blessings.

Nova on March 06, 2020:

I really need some help as I'm just a beginner. Any one willing to help?

Elisabeth mare on February 03, 2020:

I need advise form some one who really knows. I’m just a learner at witchcraft and I want to help my friend, but I can’t because I don’t know how to.

She can see people’s aura and know by its aura if they are going to die. The think is there is a demon with her all the time. It chokes her when she sleep, and when the demon appears in her room she knows she will have a sleep paralysis and she has. She sees him in the day sometimes. I’m just a learner but how can I help her????

Ashleigh on December 09, 2019:

I have this crush and he likes someone else so i need a love spell to make him love me so i can be happy again

Clover on October 13, 2019:

I just started practicing meditation an I notice at a certain point I see colors which I focus on An causes me to relax an nothing else matters. I’m not sure what this means but I haven’t spoke to many about this An was wondering if u had any advice

Greenwitch on October 06, 2019:

I would love it if you could make an article step by step of how to cast a spell, what tools work for you and how to cast. I have been reading and reading and nothing is telling me HOW to cast a basic spell. So that i can learn and see what works for me. (:

Jordan on August 29, 2019:

Hi, you are by far the best author I have found that teaches witchcraft, I grow herbs and plants in my backyard that can be used in spells, I am 12 and I am really interested in witchcraft, rituals, etc. I am still a beginner and I have been studying quite a lot from your witchcraft pages. I have an app on my iPad, it is a puzzle app, would that be a brain teaser? And will it help with witchcraft? I am going to install more brain teasers to help with witchcraft as well. :3

Hannah vampelt on June 18, 2019:

Why can't I cast spell it's not working can someone tell me if I need the words to rhyme or something or if it is a specific hand movement or what I just need to know please

Carlatavelli on May 30, 2019:

I want to put a protection to a objet for a friend to have it and be protected, is it posible? How do I do it????

Please tell me as fast as you can thank you ❤️

Carys on May 26, 2019:

I'm a homeschooled 14 year old with a lot of extra time on my hands. I've been intrested in witchcraft from a young age, but can never get any books on the topic. Is there a way to get them online?

Lily on May 25, 2019:

I'm 12. I'm constantly teased and ridiculed for believing in things like witchcraft. I've been looking into witchcraft for a little while but no one knows I am. I would love to learn witchcraft but I can't get any books. I there any way I can read the books online?

Alexia on May 20, 2019:

I'm 14. I'm a fading Catholic who's looking for a religion to suit my values and gives me a calling. at the moment I'm looking into witchcraft and ive done tiny spells (focousing: herbal satchel) and I've been looking for more material to study. if someone can help I will be forever grateful.

thank you

Shane on May 19, 2019:

I’m only 14 but I’m looking into witchcraft. I don’t know much about it but I’m constantly reading and studying More about It. If someone can help me out it would be much appreciated. I don’t expect to be casting spells immediately

Midnight bloody rose on May 17, 2019:

I’m 13 and my parents don’t know that I wanna start doing magic. I suppose they will think that it has things to do with Satan and stuff and I think...I don’t know is but, I think that if I tell them and ask them for the book, they will say no. How do I get the book then? Is there anyway to read it in internet????

Benjamin on April 10, 2019:

Can someone cast a love spell for me

C.K. on March 27, 2019:

Hi, I just found your website and was just wondering is there such thing as a magical companion or animal helper in a way...?

Just wondering!!! :)

launa on March 05, 2019:

hello stage I am learing how to be a witch but I cant get any of the books im a child 15 my mom was a witch but she quit and wont help me can I try a levation spell or I that gonna be to hard?

Annabelle Hayes on February 21, 2019:

Hi Sage!

Thank you so much for making these articles! I’ve only been a Witch for a couple of weeks, (and if imma be totally honest, I don’t know if I can even call myself a witch because of that), and I was wondering if you had any tips. I’ve tried meditating and trying to feel energy around me, but I can’t really sense anything. All I’m really good at is drawing. Is there any way that can help me? If you could respond to me, I would REALLY appreciate that. Also, whenever I try to sense energy, my hands start tingling. Is this normal or what? Now, wherever I go, my hands are tingling. Is this normal or is that just some random problem that I need to go to the doctors for?

Many blessings, Annabelle L. Hayes

Annabelle Hayes on February 21, 2019:

@keagan— i dont know that much about The Craft and demons, but I know enough to say that that isn’t a good thing. If this started up recently, then that could mean that the demon that someone else had released (its a long story) could have managed to find you and thought that you were a great target. Again, this is just a theory, but that could have happened.

Many Blessings, Annabelle L. Hayes :)

Abbey on January 28, 2019:

Are there any transformation spells? I'm really curious and I want to know. I'm also inspired by your work

Lara on January 16, 2019:


i happen to believe in god and am attempting witchcraft

Riley on January 14, 2019:

hi,im new to this and i want to learn all the basics but i my be too young to there a right age for witch craft?

Camie on December 05, 2018:

Hi! New to all of this, but interested in this type of thing. How do I email you?

grace on November 21, 2018:

Hi I dont know if youll get back to me or not but I really hope you do. I feel kinda crazy to believe magick is real but if it is how do I start practicing?

Jen on October 13, 2018:

I am so happy I came across ur site...i love everything about magic and witchcraft but no idea on how to tap energy ...or open my third eye....and where to start learning more bout witchcraft....ill be following u...thanksss

Keagan (again) on September 14, 2018:


Keagan on September 13, 2018:

Hello. My name is Keagan and I have been told in the past that I have a dark energy surrounding me. There have been multiple answers when I ask hat this energy could be, must people say it is an attached demon or my aura itself. I recall one in particular saying it was my "twin demon" do you have any idea what that means? Also, would this affect any spells i attempt to cast in the future?

Aspen on August 13, 2018:

I have always loved the idea of magic but I'm not sure if could actually use it because of so many others not believed get in it and I have been teased for believing in it a lot, I just hope this is real and do you have to be born with magic? Also can you alter the body's form if you can master it?

name is Destiny on June 10, 2018:


I personally have a very good control over magic and don't need any tools to the point of feeling it without much concentration, I think it is very strong in my family in general and many of them are witches and stuff like that, my problem is my mother which is also very good with magic doesn't want me to learn any more and I only know how to hold it and have been trying to release it with no apparent success, do you have any advice for me?

Lily on May 30, 2018:

Do you have to say certain words/ spells to make something happen if so what are the spells

Tanya on May 28, 2018:


I’ve been really curious about witches and craft and indecisive about whether to believe in it or not. The question is if witchcrift did work wouldnt all the wotches be living a perfect life!?? Since they know spells for health , love, money , etc??

Also do people who believe in god practice this??

Erica on May 22, 2018:

Hi,i was wondering do you have to be born with which craft power or can you just learn it this really helped thank you so much try to get in touch ok

Eden on May 22, 2018:

Hi, Since i was a kid I'm really interested in Witchcraft and Really want to learn about it. But i don't know how to do it. I hope I can get a help for this .

MJ on May 20, 2018:

Hi, i'm fairly new to all this but i have something in my head leading me to witchcraft, magics, and natural energies. My question is, as a man can i still study to become a Wicca/warlock or have i got this wrong? Even so i feel my mind wanting to learn and understand. Any help would be greatly appreciated.

Jaida Lee on May 03, 2018:

Thank you!!

Mackenzie Sage Wright (author) on May 02, 2018:

I don't buy into the 'birther conspiracy', lol... magic is in everyone's bloodline if you go far back enough, and that's because it's in nature... it's all of our birthright. Sure, some people have more talent for it; some people have more talent for drawing; some people have more talent for fixing cars. That's normal.

But overall, I believe the Craft is just that-- a Craft. No matter what your natural talent is, it takes study & practice to hone the skill. It's learned. '

Hope that helps :o)

Jaida Lee on April 30, 2018:

Hello, I just have a quick question: Are you able to become a witch, or do you have to be born into it. Because I have a deep connection to becoming a witch.

Mackenzie Sage Wright (author) on April 17, 2018:

Hi Bonnie; you're welcome, and thank you for your comments! Glad you found me.

Yes, the articles are lessons, I also teach live lessons online-- I have a Wiccan Way Grove that runs a full year & a day (one is in progress now, we meet about once per week, plus for online rituals & such occasionally). I also teach live workshops about once per month, some free, some premium for a fee to help support costs. And I have videos out on YouTube.

If you check out my website,, you can find everything there. Bright Blessings!

Bonnie on April 15, 2018:

Thank you so much. This is exactly what I've been looking for I believe for about a year. Also I'm positive it was no mistake I found you just now. Do you do lessons? Or is that what I've been reading now? Thanks again, blessed be.

Mackenzie Sage Wright (author) on April 08, 2018:

Thanks Mitchell, I appreciate your comment & glad to be of help.

Mackenzie Sage Wright (author) on April 08, 2018:

Hi Brooke; I cover that here:

brooke on April 04, 2018:

What if I wanted a mentor, how would I find one?

Mitchell on April 04, 2018:

This is fantastic. I haven't studied Witchcraft in about a decade, my parents put and end to it about a year after I started, but my wife and I are both interested in learning the practices and traditions. You have given us such a great place to start and explained everything beautifully. Thank you so much!

Mackenzie Sage Wright (author) on April 01, 2018:

Trust those instincts, Katerina, it sounds like they will lead you well. Blessings on your path.

Katerina on April 01, 2018:

As a child i was drawn to the biblical story of Solomon.

I asked God for wisdom partly becausw as the bible put it Solomon was wealthy because he asked for wisdom.

I realise now there is much more to life than monetary value and it cost me losing all to get to this space where I realise it has been with me since childhood and my never ending hunger for knowledge that brings me here.

I have only tonight learned that I speak with water and the ancient knowledge that it holds. You confirmed what I think I already knew my mind and heart and hunger to know more, my infinite wisdom calls to me only by being open to knowledge will my inner being find solice.

I am humbled yet infinitely empowered by your writings.

I also first thought by golly I am a water witch I must cast spells I am sure. Now thanks to you I am wiser. When I need my energy it will be there.

My soul knows these many ancient words and tongues long forgotten and I have always known the right words. I simply need to seek more knowledge learn more and trust what I already know.

Thank you. I will contact you also as I am suddenly aware that I must.

Adi M on March 23, 2018:

I am also not sure which kind of witch craft I should start, can you advice me?

Adi M on March 23, 2018:

Hello, thank-you for the wonderful information. I have been looking for a good website for a while now and I stumbled across yours. The information makes perfects sense and doesn't sound too 'fictional' like other websites have. I am a beginner witch and I'm a bit confused on where to start. I grew up in a kind of semi-witchcraft family, my mother does not believe I anything of the sort but is very open to my learning of new things, my father however is amazed by the world of magic he used to be a full-time wizard but over the years he has had less and less time to practice. My grandma is also into the world of magic, she is an acupuncturist and believes in the power of healing through spirituality. So in conclusion I have not really been taught what a child born into a witchcraft family. I would ask my father to teach me but when I do he simply does not have enough time and insists on reading books. I have always felt a magical energy inside of me and I am very close with nature. Could you tell me some of the things you can do with witchcraft and what is fictional and not, where I should start and how to strengthen my beliefs? Thankyou so much, Adi M

Michelle on March 13, 2018:

Hi I'm new and I was hoping there was a way to message you privately? Please get back to me soon.

Jun fyk on February 25, 2018:

I am practicing witchcraft for 2 years now but I dont know why I cannot perfect spells well I havent done spells other than that of love I tried casting one to my love but it didnt last long. I dont know what broke my magick. I need help please

Jasmine on February 20, 2018:

Ok, listen

I tried thirteen different methods of 'Witchcraft' (In quotes cause people view it negatively when it means Crafting wisely,) and only three methods out of the thirteen worked, most of the methods used white magick but the thing I don't understand is why the three methods worked. that was the only Black Magick I have done, and they have worked splendidly.

Obviously, I am a novice, so I'm confused, I want to learn more healing and white magick but it's difficult.

jax on February 15, 2018:


so i've been reserching for a long time now about witchcrafts and casting spells, but i still don't know where to start. I feel like like i have some conection to nature and that stuff, it's like i'm meant to do magic but just for helping others. Also i kind of have healing powers that i don't know yet how to control... So let me know if you could help me out here.

Angelena on January 13, 2018:

I am a new witch, brand new to the craft. However, I feel as though it has been a part of me for a thousand years or more. It is hard for me to explain how or why that is what it is.

My agenda is to cast my first spell within this life time without harming myself or others. I have recently discovered that, based on my ancestors, I am a powerful force of nature.

I have determined that I need to cast a spell related to positive energy; however, it is a wanning moon. Do you think that I should cast a spell banishing negative energy considering my circumstances? If so, which one?

Thanks in advance,

Angelena Christina Frazier

Amy + Rosie on December 07, 2017:

Hello Miss Sage, we are very new to witchcraft and we loved your article, however, we are not sure how to find our 'niche' in the future. Please Help.

Que on December 05, 2017:

Hi there. I love this very much. All of it. All my life I have felt lost and out of place. The craft makes me feel alive. I love working with energy. Thank you for sharing your knowledge. I feel stronger now.

jolanta on November 20, 2017:

I am new too wich craft like i just got into this and this realy heped me so i just wanted too say a big thankyou

Laura on November 12, 2017:

Hi there,

I am new to this but wishing to learn more about dream magic. Is there any books or articles to teach me more about controlling people's dreams or understanding them more?

Mackenzie Sage Wright (author) on November 11, 2017:

Hi Xox; there's no age restrictions, but it really depends on the individual.

Ever see those shows where kids grow up in the wilderness of Alaska or something with their parents? They spend their whole lives being taught how to think like a survivalist, they're trained from a young age with certain skills and given the chance to develop them. By the time they are 14 or 15 years old, if they got separated from their parents, they would probably figure out what they need to do to survive on their own a few days till getting help.

But if you plucked a kid out of a New York City apartment building who has never been out of the city, and plopped him down in Alaska, he'd be totally unprepared for survival, and would be clueless.

It's not much different with magic.

In a magical family, children are trained at a young age to have that mental discipline, to manipulate energy, to understand the concepts of how it works. That doesn't mean they're ready to cast highly ritualized spells at the age of 4 or 5-- formal practice and study will come later usually. But even at a young age they begin to learn and work with certain energies and they start getting into the proper mental state to do it.

Now the problem is when children are brought up in a non-magical family, they are usually pre-programmed with ways of thinking that are contrary to magic (fear, skepticism, doubt, shame, etc.). So without a proper hands-on teacher, one might have to wait until they can do the reading & studying and make the efforts it takes to change that subconscious pre-programming... this requires knowledge and effort, so it might be best put off until the person can understand the concepts of what they're doing (if they're doing it on their own).

Then there is the consideration of natural talent and individual development (how mentally disciplined is the kid? How good at focus? Does he really comprehend what he's reading and is he able to internalize it on a deeper level, put it to use?)

So a kid raised in a non-magical family with no teacher and parents who do not want them to study/learn the craft might not be ready at 14 to start taking it all in on their own... and might be better off to wait until age 18 to get a teacher or to be intellectually developed enough to pursue Witchcraft on his own without personal guidance.

While a child of 14 from a magical family who has been trained with certain concepts and practices their whole life might already be quite adept at spellcasting.

.......... on October 23, 2017:

Miss Sage,

I am a teenager who used to have a teacher and was beginning to learn about witchcraft and wiccan beliefs, but sadly, he passed away this last summer. Since then I have been trying to search for a new teacher, but have come up empty. What would you advise me to do?


Mackenzie Sage Wright (author) on October 02, 2017:

That's a complex topic; basically 'herbalism' in Witchcraft means 'anything that comes from plant life'-- flowers, trees, plants, bushes, roots, berries, seeds, leaves, nuts, fruits, vegetables, moss, sap, essential oils, spices, etc.

Every herb has associations (Elements, gender, planets, deities, etc.) and specific meanings it's associated with.

There's no must-have herbs... it's more of choosing the ones available to you that are associated with what you're trying to do.

Yes, it's quite common to mix them together into a blend. For example, if I were trying to make a protection powder to keep my home safe from intruders, I might grind up together some:

- ivy (to repel intruders)

- juniper berries (to ward off theives)

- salt (to repel impure intentions)

- dragon's blood (tree sap) to add power to the mix

I could do lots of things with it. I could roll candles in it and do candle magic for protection. I could put it in an herbal pouch and hang it. I could burn it as an incense and fan the smoke around. I could sprinkle it around the house. I could make a potion out of it in a pot with water and spray it all around.

It's a creative art, so very flexible and open to experimentation. Hope that helps. :o)

Mackenzie Sage Wright (author) on October 02, 2017:

Thanks Ivy, glad to have helped. Good luck!

Mackenzie Sage Wright (author) on October 02, 2017:

Thank you so much, Kelly! Comments like yours make my day!

Mackenzie Sage Wright (author) on October 02, 2017:

Aww THANK YOU Wtich! That kind of comment makes my day-- may your life be filled with magic! Blessings upon your journey, young one. :o)

Kelly Hudson on September 30, 2017:

Wonderful articles thank you

Wtich101 on September 29, 2017:

Hello I am a young girl who inspires to be a witch. You have helped me succed in not fullfelling my dreams

Kamil on September 17, 2017:

Hey, i am a new witch, and i wanted to ask how to use herbs, like you have to protection herbs. Can you mix it together? What herbs you can't mix together? I am intrested in this type of magic, and i want to know more about it.

ivy on September 11, 2017:

i always wanted to be just like my mom. She was called a witch in high school because she was gothic and people would ask her to put a spell on someone for them most of the time they worked. I always wanted to do that to be just like her and know i can. thank you for helping me with my witchcraft.

Shauni on August 31, 2017:

I have always felt a connection with witchcraft. I feel like i have always had the ability I just haven't really taken the time to learn or practice any of it. I'm just wondering if you could possibly tell me a few things i may need to get started. I don't know anyone around me that has practiced the craft and I am in need of all the help i can get. Thank you so much.

Mackenzie Sage Wright (author) on August 28, 2017:

Hi Christian; that would best be achieved starting with a good meditation regime. There is no 'the' spell for anything... there's lots of spells, you can write spells yourself too, if you know what you're doing. Whether they work or not are going to depend on 1) the person who wrote it knowing what they were doing and 2) the person asting it knowing what they're doing.

But no spells are going to give you abilities; you can use spells to help you as you work toward learning a skill, like communing with spirits; what's going to be more important first is a good meditation regime. Work on things like grounding and centering, too, because you need to learn to raise your vibrations to communicate with spirits. And of course, learn to shield yourself well. Best to start practicing by contacting your spirit guides, who will help you take it from there.

Hope that helps!

Christian on August 27, 2017:

So I have just recently started wanting to do witchcraft. Something's came up and I really need to start using it. I was wondering if you knew the spell on how to see into the spirit world. So if you do know anything about that I would love to know. Also ik it will take time to get strong enough to do that, but im willing to put in the work.

Melissa on August 20, 2017:


QuittyQuat on July 08, 2017:

Thank you very, very much for taking the time to do that! I was thrilled to learn that I have two of them already. But I will work on getting the ones I don't have. Thank you again, QQ

Mackenzie Sage Wright (author) on July 07, 2017:

Hi QQ; sounds like you're definitely ready! Let's see if I can break these down.

Books Recommendations:


Spellcaster by Martin Duffy and Elen Hawke

The Compleat Magical Path by John Cross

Real Magic by Isaac Bonewits

No Boundary by Ken Wilbur

Christopher Penczak is a good modern author, just about everything I've read by him has been good.

Aleister Crowley had great insights, though is hard to read.

That's more of an issue of understanding what you're doing, so you can figure out for yourself what you think you need.

You can also find the Kybalion online, keeping in mind it's Ceremonial magic (high magic), not Witchcraft (low magic). But still a great read for understanding how magic works:

I haven't read any specific books dedicated to this topic; might want to read an overview and just poke around at different articles (not just magical view, also psychology view-- read up on the consciousness, and the subconscious mind)

The Miracle of Mindfulness" by Thich Nhat Hanh

Meditation for Dummies... yes, really. Covers the basics clearly.

Meditation for Beginners by Jack Kornfield is good. Recently read that.

There's tons of great free websites on meditation, as well as youtube videos that offer guided meditations. Reading is great but practicing even a few minutes per day will get you further.

Haven't really read many books dedicated to these topics specifically, more read articles/found them in various books. I really learned working with a coven through hands-on training and practice.

No, some don't even bother with circles. Some would never do magic outside of a circle. Personal preference.

I will usually cast circles for Wiccan rituals (esbats, sabbats, etc.), and if it's all up, it's where I plan to do any spellwork.

If I'm not holding a ritual I simply go to my spell altar, I don't bother with a circle unless I feel I need one.

You don't have to have a permanent altar for magic; it's convenient but not required. Work with the space you have, if you need to set things up each time because you can't leave stuff out, then do that.

For most stuff, sure, but I'd be careful on a bed if something involves candles/incense ;o) fire hazard.

All of it-- the doing (rather than the studying/reading/notetaking). Whether you're casting elaborate spells, or doing a bit of folk magic, or just playing with energy... it's practice.

That's a personal call. It's your wand, you're the only one who has to be satisfied with its energies.

Thanks for your comments, glad to be of help!

QuittyQuat on July 06, 2017:

Hi, I have been collecting/investing in a variety of books on witchcraft and have begun reading some with the intent to read them all in time. However, I have felt stuck for awhile, not knowing where to begin (as a beginner to the craft). So, like prayer :-), sometimes getting the answer you need from the internet requires the right question for your search. Well, I finally got the right search question that led me to your articles! Yay! Finally, a starting point! So I read the Witchcraft Primer article and have some questions that I hope you will answer. You recommended that beginners study theory, explanations, and philosophies. I was wondering if you could recommend some good books on these subjects? You also mentioned in one of your answers "why a witch might choose to use an item and the purpose it serves." Could you recommend books for this information as well? I also read in some of your comments, "all is mind - First Hermetic Principle, Hermetic laws, states of consciousness, astral travel/projection, meditation, and scrying." So again, could you please direct me to helpful books on these topics as well? I have wanted to practice, but don't know where to begin. Is it always necessary to create a circle first? or have an altar? Or, can I simply sit on my bed and practice there? Also, when you mention practice, what exactly does that mean? Practice memorizing spells, focusing energy,...? Plus a very trivial question: when I finally start creating my own wand, does the knife I use need to be consecrated, cleansed, charged, etc in a circle? I'm probably putting too much emphasis on unimportant issues, but I just want to do this correctly. Thank you for the articles. I'm planning to read as many of them as I can. :-)

Mackenzie Sage Wright (author) on June 19, 2017:

Hi Alohamora. Is it true? Truth is relative, isn't it?

Witchcraft is a spiritual art many people practice. Yes, Witches exists even if you don't believe in them; just like Jews exist even if you don't believe in God. We are people with beliefs and practices.

Spells work, but not like they do in fiction. They are rooted in nature and psychology. They don't make things go poof; they just help increase your odds of achieving your goals in more natural ways.

I don't have to prove anything... I know what I believe. I don't really care if someone else believes it or not. You should follow what you believe. If you don't believe in Witchcraft, don't study/practice it.

Harry Potter is fiction.... it has nothing to do with with my articles. I enjoy stories as much as the next person, and it would be lovely if I could flick a wand and get the dishes to scrub themselves clean, but that is not the reality I believe in, nor is it what I try to do with my spiritual practice.

Hope that helps :o)

Alohamora on June 19, 2017:

Is this website true? And does witches really exist? And does spells actually work? How can you prove it? Is this just a harry potter thing?

Mackenzie Sage Wright (author) on June 16, 2017:

It all works on the same principles, Cerise, so use the tools that you feel most drawn to right now... you can always expand/learn by practicing with other types of tools later.

Cerise25 on June 16, 2017:

I am trying to figure out if I want to go into herb magic, crystal magic, or something else. Should I try experimenting to see what works best or should I just trust my gut?

Peanut on May 28, 2017:

Oh okay, I see. Thank you for the info! :)

Mackenzie Sage Wright (author) on May 28, 2017:

Generally I just get impressions when I scry; but they come from my spirit guides and sometimes I add questions to go deeper into a topic. I certainly wouldn't rule out trying, as it's an art and everyone is going to experience it a little differently. When I need to have a real one-on-one with someone I either do it in a deep trance or with my pendulum. Don't be afraid to experiment, esp. when contacting your spirit guides who are going to want to help you develop your skills.

Thanks for your comments Peanut :o)

Peanut on May 27, 2017:

Yes, that helps a lot! Thank you! I have one more if you don't mind. I read that one can also communicate with spirits, spirit guides, and gods through scrying. Is that true or do you merely see images?

Mackenzie Sage Wright (author) on May 27, 2017:

Hi Peanut; things like astral travel and scrying are generally safe; AT is something we do naturally (sometimes when we sleep). Scrying is merely trying to exercise intuition and can't hurt you. You might not always like what you see, but it's not going to be dangerous.

I would caution beginner Witches when working with blood magic (nothing wrong with it specifically, just very powerful- kind of like you wouldn't use a chainsaw to cut your steak, lol), curses/hexing (which is, unfortunately, sometimes necessary; but caution should be exercised), or when attempting to contact spiritual beings with whom they're not familiar (Gods, spirit guides, etc. are generally safe). Even if beings are not specifically malevolent, they can bring trouble, mischief, etc.

Hope that helps.

Peanut on May 26, 2017:

I found your article very informative. Just a quick question...for a beginning witch who has worked to strengthen their mind through meditation and a lot of other exercises you mentioned, would scrying and astral projection be too big of a leap? Are there any techniques that should only be done by those who are experienced?

Mackenzie Sage Wright (author) on May 06, 2017:

Hi Jeah; definitely familiarize yourself with the understanding of how it all works (hermetic laws, states of consciousness, etc.) and mentally discipline yourself with a good meditation regime.

Jade Houston on May 06, 2017:

Hi Wiccan Sage, first of this page is very informative and is a great help to me. Okay so I have been interested in the craft since a young age when me Dad showed me his Tarot deck, I started to study recently and have learnt alot about the important day's, moon phases, deities, tools, types of magick and some takes on the Rede. I thinking of using herbs in my workings and was wondering if there is anything else I should learn before I begin to learn casting techniques?

Mackenzie Sage Wright (author) on May 03, 2017:

Hi; most likely nothing. Magic works, but I don't believe it works like that (being able to transport molecules).If I wanted to get somewhere, I wouldn't waste my time trying to teleport... I'd cast spells to get money for a plane ticket ;o) hope that helps.

Shadow piercing on May 01, 2017:

What would happen if you did a teleporition spell and you did it wrong?

Mackenzie Sage Wright (author) on May 01, 2017:

I've been on internet hiatus, so just answering a few I have missed:

Theophrastus Baumast: Thank you for the rosary information but as I've mentioned before, I'm not a Christian. I'm a Pagan (Wiccan, specifically). It's a little off topic here though.

Annica: best way to get in touch with me is through my website or through my email

Mackenzie Sage Wright (author) on May 01, 2017:

Kate; practices... for some people it'll take more time and practice than other. It can take months of daily practice to learn to get into a deep meditation, so just start with whatever you're able to do now and keep doing it daily.

Countdowns or visualizations of you going down can also help get you down deeper, but first you have to beat the distraction part. But try counting yourself down from 10-1, or count down while envisioning chakra colors (red 8, orange 7, yellow 6, etc.), or envision yourself walking down a staircase (I see it as a spiral staircase), or in an elevator going down.

kate on May 01, 2017:

do u have any tips on how to go into deep meditation, with out getting easily distracted

Mackenzie Sage Wright (author) on April 30, 2017:

Hi magical man; you could obviously do it either way, but myself I would do both. I'd get a money spell going, and then at another time I'd cast for a house, because that could open opportunities (ie, running into someone who just happens to be planning to put his home on the market, etc.).

As for consciousness, I start with light alpha as I prepare and get things going, such as if I am casting a circle or calling on deities/spirits. When I come to energy raising portion I go deep into Alpha or the Alpha/Theta border, and into Theta for any deep meditations.

magical man on April 26, 2017:

If I want an apartment or house should I cast a spell for those items or should I just cast a spell for enough money to afford them?...also do you personally get into they a gamma sync before or while casting a spell?