432 Abercorn Street: The Legend, the Facts, and the Fiction of the Most Haunted House in Savannah

Updated on June 3, 2019
Stephen C Barnes profile image

Stephen, along with his wife Kim, is an avid traveler who enjoys collecting interesting stories from the places he visits.

432 Abercorn
432 Abercorn | Source

The House

432 Abercorn Street in Savannah, Georgia is a mid-19th century Greek Revival Structure that sits at the corner of Abercorn and East Gordon, on Calhoun Square, in Savannah's historic district. The house was built in 1868 (at that time the home was valued at over $20,000, and was considered to be one of the most expensive houses in Savannah) for Civil War veteran and cotton merchant, General Benjamin J. Wilson and his family, who moved into it in 1869. The house now stands empty and abandoned, as it has for some time, its once elegant facade looking warn and time ravaged, as the building slips further and further into disrepair. The current owners seemingly have no desire to occupy the premises, or to have them occupied by anyone else.

The Legend

Savannah Georgia abounds with tales of ghosts, and haunted houses. One such house, known simply by its street address: 432 Abercorn Street, is considered by many to be the most haunted house in Savannah (to be considered the most haunted house in a city that is considered to be the most haunted in America says a lot). This reputation is due as much to the history of the house, and the land on which it stands, as to the myths and rumors that surround the property, and its previous owners. Here we will look at the history as well as the rumors, and attempt to separate the fact from the fiction.

I am not really a big believer in ghosts or haunted houses (I want to believe but have yet to see anything that would convince me, though my experiences with 432 Abercorn Street come very close) but when my wife and I were planning a trip to Savannah I started researching interesting things about the city that I wanted to see and experience, and came across 432 Abercorn.

The Massie School 1889.
The Massie School 1889. | Source

One of the stories I read was that General Wilson's wife had died of yellow fever in the house, thus leaving the general to raise their daughter on his own. As the story goes Wilson's young daughter liked to play with the children from the Massie School, which is a school for children from poor families, located on Calhoun Square, just up from 432 Abercorn. Legend says that the general disapproved of his daughter playing with these poor kids, and when his efforts to put a stop to it were unsuccessful he punished his daughter by tying her to a chair in the living room window where she could do nothing but watch the other children playing in the square. After a few days of sitting like this, in the window in the intense heat of a Savannah summer, the little girl died from heat stroke and dehydration. Years later the general also died in the house, by his own hand, and rumor has it that the pair never left. People claim to have seen the daughter still looking out through the living room window where she perished. They also say that the image of the generals face appears in the plaster beside the window.

Another story told of a triple murder in the house back in the late 1950s or early 1960s, and that the spirits of the victims were also haunting the house. In addition I had read that the property was cursed because it had been built on top of an old slave cemetery. I also read numerous reports of guests to the home reporting seeing ghostly figures and hearing strange sounds, including that of children's laughter. Though not a believer in the supernatural I was intrigued enough by all of these tales to add 432 Abercorn Street to my "must do in Savannah" list.

I did little or no additional research on this property prior to visiting Savannah but was inspired enough by my experience at this site to research it further upon my return home. During the course of this research I discovered that some of the more disturbing parts of this story are fiction but the most disturbing part of all is one hundred percent fact.

Calhoun Square
Calhoun Square | Source

The Facts

The house was, in fact, built in 1868 for General Benjamin J. Wilson, who moved into it with his wife and five children upon the home's completion in 1869, and his wife did die shortly there after of Yellow Fever, (Exactly when is uncertain. An 1870 census shows her still alive in that year) leaving the general to raise his children on his own. This, however, is where legend and reality, as regards the Wilson family, split off in different directions. Though it is unclear as to when and how the rumors about the general's cruel treatment of his daughter, that eventually caused her death, got started, what is clear is that they are just that; rumors.

1870 Census of Savannah Showing the Entries For the Wilson Family.
1870 Census of Savannah Showing the Entries For the Wilson Family. | Source

The propagation of these rumors concerning the Wilson family are due in no small part to ghost tour operators who use the sensational and frightening tale to attract business. Not all tour companies, however, are comfortable with this practice. Ghost City Tours of Savannah ( https://ghostcitytours.com/savannah/ ) , for example, has done some research into the stories in order to present, as much as possible, their clients with a truer story of the house, and its history. In their research they uncovered a census record from 1870 that clearly shows that all Wilson family members, including both daughters, were alive in the year 1870. They were also able to determine that not only did Benjamin Wilson not commit suicide at 432 Abercorn but that he didn't even die in the state of Georgia but actually passed away in Colorado, in 1896.

Through further research I found that both the Wilson daughters lived into adult hood. The oldest daughter, Carrie, married a man named Lewis Tye, and moved to Atlanta, where she died in 1942 at the age of 82. There is less information available on the younger sister Mary, though I was able to learn that she did get married, to a man named Potts.

Though there is little information available on Benjamin Wilson and his family there is enough to prove that the terrible stories about the family are completely false.

As to the supposed triple homicide in the late fifties or early sixties, I could find no evidence to substantiate this, nor any of the other stories that are told about the history of the house, except one.

Savannah City Plan, 1734
Savannah City Plan, 1734 | Source

432 Abercorn Street, and, in fact, all of Calhoun Square, is built right on top of an old slave grave yard. When the city of Savannah decided to develop this area, instead of relocating the bodies buried there they decided simply to build right over them. It is estimated that more than 1000 slaves are buried in pits beneath this area of the city. If this house is indeed cursed and haunted, as many people claim, it seems to me that this would most certainly be the reason. It is difficult to understand why anyone would find the need to create sensational tales to support the haunting when this true story of human cruelty and injustice exists. If there are restless spirits here I have no doubt that they belong to some of these poor souls, whose bodies lay beneath the city, their graves unmarked, their names known only to God.

The Author on the Steps of 432 Abercorn Street
The Author on the Steps of 432 Abercorn Street | Source

My Experience at 432 Abercorn

As I stated earlier, I am not much of a believer in ghost stories and haunted houses but I felt that my visit to Savannah would be missing something if I did not visit 432 Abercorn. So one evening my wife and I set off on foot, cocktails in hand, through Savannah's historic district, to visit this infamous house. Even though I am not, as I have stated, a believer, I could not help but feel just a little spooked walking those dark streets, past those old, historic houses and buildings, with tales of long ago murders and restless spirits playing on my mind. I didn't really expect to encounter any ghosts, or experience anything supernatural but, as it turned out, I was in for a bit of a surprise.

Our intention when we set out was to go to the house so that we could at least say we had been there, take a couple of pics to document our visit, and perhaps post on facebook, then return to the Azalea Inn, where we were staying, for a nightcap. So, upon arriving I took a couple of pictures of the house then passed the camera to my wife so that she could take a picture of me on the stairs. So far so good. My wife then handed me back the camera and I took a picture of her standing on the sidewalk in front of the property. That was the last picture I took that night. When I attempted to take another the camera malfunctioned.

The camera in question is of good quality; a Canon EOS Rebel T3, which, at the time, was fairly new, in excellent condition, and had only days before been in for cleaning and maintenance. That night, however, it just went bizarre: the lens began moving in and out of focus, and zooming in and out on its own whenever I pressed the shutter release button. I switched off the auto focus but this did not help. I tried changing lenses, to no avail. Automatic functions began going on and off at random so I switch to manual, still no good. The camera just would not work.

When we got back to the inn I tried again to take a picture but it was no use. When I removed the chip from the camera and placed it the laptop to download the pictures I was in for another surprise. In the photo I had taken of my wife, the last picture I had been able to take, she is surrounded by a bright, glowing aura.

The author's wife, Kim, standing on the sidewalk in front of 432 Abercorn Street.
The author's wife, Kim, standing on the sidewalk in front of 432 Abercorn Street. | Source
Photo contributed by reader, Steve Miller, that he took of 432 Abercorn Street while on a ghost tour, that appears to show a girl standing in the window. Steve and his wife also experienced an eerie feeling while there, and had camera troubles.
Photo contributed by reader, Steve Miller, that he took of 432 Abercorn Street while on a ghost tour, that appears to show a girl standing in the window. Steve and his wife also experienced an eerie feeling while there, and had camera troubles. | Source

Do you believe in ghosts?

See results
Reader, Patti Weckworth, took this photo of her daughter at 432 Abercorn. In it there are what appear to be faces looking out from two of the windows. Her phone malfunctioned after taking this photo, and did not work again until she left Georgia.
Reader, Patti Weckworth, took this photo of her daughter at 432 Abercorn. In it there are what appear to be faces looking out from two of the windows. Her phone malfunctioned after taking this photo, and did not work again until she left Georgia. | Source
This picture of 432 Abercorn Street is one in a series taken by reader Mark Meyer. All of the photos that Mark took of the house show the same mysterious orb.
This picture of 432 Abercorn Street is one in a series taken by reader Mark Meyer. All of the photos that Mark took of the house show the same mysterious orb. | Source

I took the camera out again the next day but it still failed to function. As we were leaving the following day for Florida I decided to wait and bring the camera in for service when we got to Orlando. On the way down we stopped to visit my wife's cousin in Jacksonville. While telling her the strange story of our visit to 432 Abercorn I took out the camera to show her and discovered that, for some mysterious reason, it was now working perfectly, and has continued to ever since. Strangely enough it seems that all I had to do to get the camera working again was to leave Georgia.

I know that I have said this at least a couple of times already, I am not a believer, but I cannot deny that something strange occurred at 432 Abercorn. I will not go as far as to say that it was ghosts, or the restless spirits of mistreated and forgotten slaves, or anything of the sort, but certainly something happened. And though the story is not as sensational once the rumors have been removed it is still an interesting, and somewhat disturbing, tale, and a place worth stopping by for a look, and a photo op, should you happen to find yourself strolling at night through the streets of Savannah.


432 Abercorn has recently been sold, and I have been informed by a friend and neighbor of the new owner that the intention is to restore the property to its former glory. This should certainly help to brighten up the square and add to the beauty of the street. The new owners, and their neighbors, hope that it will stop the tour operators from telling such fantastical stories about the property (some of which I have recounted above) and perhaps even remove it from the tour stops, or at least be considerably less intrusive. They also hope that the restored property will prove to be a Joy to all Savannah residents.

This article is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge. Content is for informational or entertainment purposes only and does not substitute for personal counsel or professional advice in business, financial, legal, or technical matters.

Questions & Answers

  • How did you feel when you got to 432 Abercon?

    My wife and I went to the house as part of an evening stroll through Savannah, cocktails in hand. To us it was just another sight we wished to see, though I did have some prior knowledge of the legends and history surrounding the house. It wasn't until my camera started to malfunction that I began to feel a little creepy.

  • Where did you find the information on the slave graveyard in Savannah, Georgia?

    I have found several references to the square, and nearby Whitefield Square, having been built over a graveyard, including on these websites: gosouthsavannah.com , genteelandbard.com, and ghostcitytours.com. I have copied the passage from gosouthsavannah.com below:


    Calhoun Square was laid out in 1851, one of the last squares – along with Troup Square to its northeast and Whitefield Square to its immediate east – to be created according to Savannah’s plan.

    Calhoun Square, like all Savannah’s Historic District squares, was laid out on the city’s common lands surrounding its already built up areas. The specific area in which Calhoun Square is located, however, is believed to have once been the site of an early 19th century burial ground, where Savannah’s African Americans, slave and free, were buried.

    The official location of the burial ground was further to the east, under the present Whitefield Square, but in the absence of any clear markers designating the ground and its boundaries, many people were inevitably buried outside of its limits.

    A human skull was unearthed in Calhoun Square in the early 2000s, and it is estimated that several hundred people, mostly slaves, may have been buried here and in the vicinity."

  • Let's say you encountered a ghost, what would you do then?

    I am not sure exactly what it is you are asking here, but if I had proof positive that a real ghost, or ghosts actually haunted the house, I would certainly have to change the article to reflect this. I would also have to change my own thinking, and would most certainly have to try to arrange to spend some time in the home if at all possible.

© 2017 Stephen Barnes


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment
    • profile image

      Mark Meyer 

      2 months ago

      I felt a great deal of activity in Calhoun Square & stopped under several trees. I took photos there & at 432 Abercorn. It wasn’t until after the tours left that things calmed down. That is when I took several photos before we returned to our courtyard & house behind 432 Abercorn. I was afraid of what I would see in the trees but then I saw the huge Orb photos including the one next to Laura. She asked ‘how did you do that?’ I didn’t & we broke out the Holy Water. We also went to Mass the next morning.

    • Stephen C Barnes profile imageAUTHOR

      Stephen Barnes 

      2 months ago from St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador

      Thank you, I am glad you enjoyed it. I love Savannah, the history is all around you, and the city just has a feel to it that is unlike any other. Looking forward to getting back there soon, perhaps investigate another haunting or two.

    • ISYParanormal profile image


      3 months ago from North Carolina, USA

      Hello Stephen, Great article... I lived and worked in Savannah, Ga for many years... Rich in History, Rich in Spirit Activity! Thank You for sharing!

    • Stephen C Barnes profile imageAUTHOR

      Stephen Barnes 

      4 months ago from St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador

      Thank you Brianna, I am pleased that you enjoyed the article. I too fell in love with Savannah, and am very much looking forward to returning there soon.

    • bwhite062007 profile image

      Brianna W 

      4 months ago from East Coast

      I loved reading your story! When I visited Savannah I fell absolutely in love with the city for its history and beauty. So much that I actually named my oldest daughter Savannah! I would love to go back and take a tour of all the haunted places as there is so many. This place would definitely be at the top of the list. Thanks for sharing!

    • Stephen C Barnes profile imageAUTHOR

      Stephen Barnes 

      5 months ago from St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador

      Thank you for your comments MrTKennedy1981, however, even though many of the stories surrounding the history of this house are untrue, as I have shown above, it does not necessarily mean that their is no paranormal or ghostly activity here. I visited the house, and did not see any ghosts, though my experience was a little odd. I have never personally seen a ghost, even though I was born in an extremely old house that many believed was haunted, and claimed to have seen ghosts in, but that does not make these people liars, nor make their stories "BS", as your salutation so eloquently states. People often experience different things in the same places or situations.

      I once interviewed two sisters who grew up in the same house. One sister had many paranormal experiences in the house, including seeing ghosts, the other sister, nothing.

      I have personally had no experiences that would prove to me conclusively that ghosts exist, as much as I would love to, and have sought such experiences out, but I am willing to keep an open mind. I think it is extremely rare that someone would make up a paranormal experience or ghost sighting.I believe people relate their experiences exactly as they perceive them.

    • profile image


      5 months ago

      I have lived here in Savannah, Georgia since I was born in March 1981. This city IS very, very old and has many historic and secret locations, a lot of which ARE kinda creepy.

      I have been to AND SPENT LONG TIMES in practically every "haunted" location and not one thing has happened. No ghosts. Yes I believe in evil spirits and used to be heavy in the occult so you'd figure I'd be a magnet for spirits....I'm not. Have had creepy experiences from playing with a ouija board before, but never seen any ghosts. Met a few who claimed to have had, but turns out they were lying.

      The address in this article has not one damn paranormal thing about it. The ONLY thing "paranormal" about it is that due to its very old and dilapidated appearance, many think it's soooooooo scary, haunted.


    • Stephen C Barnes profile imageAUTHOR

      Stephen Barnes 

      11 months ago from St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador

      Thanks Patti for sharing your story with me. It was very interesting. Your experience is very similar to many others I have heard. You mentioned the pic of your daughter and what appears to be a face in the second story window above her head. I see what you are talking about. What I find more interesting however is the face in the window in the lighter colored part of the building, above the door, second pane up on the right.

      If you would like to email me this pic I would love to include it in the article.

    • profile image


      11 months ago

      Hello Stephen. My Facebook is private, but you can send me a friend request to Patti Weckwerth (Simms).

    • Stephen C Barnes profile imageAUTHOR

      Stephen Barnes 

      11 months ago from St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador

      Yes, I would be very interested to see it. If you would like to send me an email telling me how to find you on facebook I will certainly check it out.

    • profile image


      11 months ago

      I posted my "story" about 432 Abercorn on my Facebook. I was there Labor Day Weekend. Any interest?

    • Stephen C Barnes profile imageAUTHOR

      Stephen Barnes 

      11 months ago from St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador

      I had heard that the property was sold, it will be interesting to see what the purchaser does with it. I'm with you in hoping that they turn it into something public, such as a B & B. I will certainly have to arrange a stay there if that is the case.

    • profile image

      Chris Tracey 

      11 months ago

      I too have captured a photo of a girl, possibly 10 to 12 years old, in the window. It was during a horse drawn carriage ride in May, 2011. Since taking this photo I’ve traveled to many haunted locations looking for the same results, and have not been disappointed. There definitely is someplace we go to in the afterlife. Where? .... I don’t have that answer. I recently looked into what was going on with the house at 432 Abercorn, and it turns out that someone was able to buy the residence for $1.2 million in June of this year. We shall see what happens to the property from here. Maybe a Haunted B&B? That would be cool. If I find out anything further, I’ll post it here.

    • Stephen C Barnes profile imageAUTHOR

      Stephen Barnes 

      15 months ago from St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador

      Though I did not see this myself, Lori, Many people claim they have. I recently added a photo sent in by a reader that appears to show this very thing.

    • profile image

      Lori Lighty 

      15 months ago

      I was at 432 tonite. Definitely see a child in the window in one of my pictures.

    • Stephen C Barnes profile imageAUTHOR

      Stephen Barnes 

      18 months ago from St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador

      Thank you for reading my article Ava, and for your comments. Just to be clear, I am not saying that ghosts do not exist, just that I have not seen any, or have had any direct evidence of their existence (aside from the incidents that I mention here). I enjoy a good ghost story, especially a "true" ghost story. All I was doing here was questioning the myths surrounding this "haunted" house, not saying, or trying to prove, that it is not haunted. I hope ghosts are real, and I would love to see one.

    • Stephen C Barnes profile imageAUTHOR

      Stephen Barnes 

      18 months ago from St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador

      Hi Gabrielle, I am pleased that you enjoyed the article. I am sorry but I do not know who the current owners of the house are. I only learned that they were unwilling to sell from someone else that had wished to purchase the property.

      As to determining the identities of the slaves buried under the square, this task would likely prove impossible. Though most slave owners kept records of births, deaths, purchases, and sales, and many of those records still exist, there were very few burial records. For the most part the best one could hope for would be to make a guess based on deaths in the area while the square was being used as a cemetery.

      I wish you luck in your attempt to purchase the property, I hope it works out for you. If you do get it, Teresa Jacobson, the owner of the Azalea Inn in Savannah, may be able to provide you some information to assist you with the renovations as she has already restored several properties in Savannah's historic district.

      I wish you all the best in this endeavor, and if you get the place restored I hope that you will invite me down to see it.

    • profile image


      18 months ago

      I will be moving back home to Savannah in August. I have been away many years. My entire family lives in Savannah. By chance, do you know the owner of this home through your research? I’m sure I can find it, if not. Intriguing that the owner will not sell. I have heard stories of construction worker peril in this home. My children are in college, just me.

      I would like to buy this home and restore it. Personally, I am not afraid.

      If I were awarded the pleasure of buying this home and restoring it...... I would like the assistance of historians to help me determine the names of the slaves buried under this house. A plaque for each one of them will be added to the house along the front by the stairs and the sides.

      I have enjoyed your articles. They struck a nerve. Not sure that this is possible? I would like the opportunity. And no, I’m not crazy, not a psychic, and if the ghosts mess with my Labrador retrievers.... there will be hell to pay!

    • profile image


      19 months ago

      If you look closely down of where you are standing on the left side of the stairs base it kind of looks like a person is standing there. Look closely.

    • Stephen C Barnes profile imageAUTHOR

      Stephen Barnes 

      2 years ago from St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador

      I recently received an email from a lady that had read this article and had noticed something in one of the pictures that I had not. I found this interesting and thought others may as well so I have copied both the lady's email and my response here.

      "I just came back from a ghost tour this evening. Nothing on the tour made me a believer.

      I was scrolling through the Internet and read your story.

      I zoomed in on your pic and my heart skipped a beat. If you zoom in on the glass, top left hand corner, beside where you are standing, it looks like a dark head figure. I'm hoping it's not. I want to remain a non believer."

      Hi Michelle,

      First, thank you for reading my article, I hope that you enjoyed it. I had not noticed the shape in the window before you pointed it out to me, so I went back to the original image and looked closely at it. Upon examination of that image I came to the conclusion that what I was looking at was a piece broken out of the glass in the shape of a face which made that area of the photo look darker, and thus resemble a human face. However, I went back to the picture of the house alone, that I used for the first picture in the article, shot only 2 minutes before the image in question, and discover that the window is completely intact and the face shape is not there. So, I have no idea what it is. I guess it gives both of us something to think about.



    • Stephen C Barnes profile imageAUTHOR

      Stephen Barnes 

      2 years ago from St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador

      To be honest, Robin, I did not come across any stories concerning the finding of British soldiers beneath the basement floor during my research. As this article points out, a great deal of the stories that surround this, and pretty much any other proported haunted houses, are just rumours that have grown with retelling and become accepted by many as fact.

      As to floating orbs showing up in photographs and videos, I have seen examples of this but cannot attest to their authenticity. What I do know to be true is what happened to my camera the night my wife and I were there, a camera that has worked perfectly ever since. Knowing this I have to believe that at least some of the other reported incidence of this nature are true.

    • profile image


      2 years ago

      Visited 432 Abercorn with one of the Ghost Tours. Was told owners of the house discovered British soldiers were buried underneath a slab of concrete in the basement.

      Upon taking photos in that area, small orbs can be seen dashing around on film and video. Is this true? IDK. Seems there are a lot tourist attraction stories

    • Stephen C Barnes profile imageAUTHOR

      Stephen Barnes 

      2 years ago from St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador

      That is very interesting indeed. Not only did I have my own personal camera experience there but, in my research for this article, I discovered that malfunctioning electronics, especially cameras, is a very common occurrence at this property. Perhaps restless spirits are adverse to having their picture taken.

    • profile image


      2 years ago

      I also had an interesting experience with 432 Abercorn Street. On my first day of exploring Savannah as a tourist I came across this house and had no idea about its reputation. I was instantly drawn to it and started taking photos. I remember thinking to myself how much I liked this house. Imagine my surprise when on a ghost tour a few days later I discovered this was the most haunted house in Savannah! I had been taking photos of "haunted" properties all evening on this tour and they all turned out, but none of the photos I took that night of 432 Abercorn St worked, every photo was pitch black. Interesting!


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, exemplore.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://exemplore.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)