Vodou/Voodoo: The Loa (Lwa), Spirits of Voodoo and How They Can Help You

Updated on August 7, 2012
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Kitty believes our ancestors' beliefs may still convey deep and profound meanings in our lives. She continually studies mythology.

The Vodou Misconception

As Americans, many of us look at the word Voodoo and shutter. We gather up images in our minds of evil black magicians who use voodoo dolls and cast spells with animal bones; however, this horror-movie image is in fact not correct. Voodoo is actually a mix of a couple different belief systems, including Catholicism and African beliefs. It is the main religion of more than a couple of Caribbean Islands, with the largest island in practice being Haiti. The term "Vodou" can be translated to mean "God" or "spirit", a word that originates from Benin in Africa.

One of the cornerstones of the Voodoo religion is the Loa. A Loa is a spirit of Vodou that aids the practitioner in certain aspects of life, such as success, sexuality, spirituality, and even in death. I look at the Loa as types of angels or guardians, as they seem to instill certain wisdoms and truths in their human followers/callers. The Loa are usually divided into groups or "nations" known as Nanchons in the Vodou religion. Some are more powerful than others, as you will soon learn. Take a journey with me into the mysterious world of the Vodou Loa and we will discover together that Vodou is not as scary as Hollywood would have us believe.

The Nanchons of Loa

The Nanchons, or families of Loa, are said to have originated from different tribes of slaves that came from Africa.

Rada: The Rada nanchon is the "most revered", according to an article on Wikipedia titled "Haitian Vodou Drumming". The Loas within this nanchon (or nation) are very strong spirits and are usually benevolent towards their human followers. Some of the Loa included in this nanchon include Papa Legba, Marassa, Ezili Freda, and Lasiren. The Rada nanchon are usually the first to be called upon during a Vodoun ritual and are said to be the oldest Loa and based on particular gods from Africa.

Petwo: (also seen as Petro). This nanchon is said to have roots in Haiti and not necessarily in Africa. Some say the nanchon is derived from the mythological character Dom Pedro, who was a rebellion of sorts. The Loa of the Petro nanchon are said to be more mischievous or devious counterparts of the Loa of the Rada nanchon. Many Christian missionaries to Haiti claim that the worshipers or magicians of the Petro nanchon are very powerful and dangerous indeed. They are widely feared as holding powers to kill their enemies with nothing but a look or the directional pointing of a doll. This power is supposedly given to them by the Loa of the Petro nanchon. They are also compared to the Cuban Palo spirits. An example of a Loa in this nanchon is Met Kafu, who is "a trickster and a destroyer of life" (Introduction to Vodou).

Gede: Papa Ghede and Baron Samedi are part of the Gede nanchon.

Kongo: Hence the name, the Kongo Loa originate from the Congo in Africa. Marinette is an example of a Kongo Loa and she is said to be fierce and powerful.

Ibo: This type of Loa are said to be rooted in the Igbo people of Africa and revered in the country of Haiti. They are generally thought to be kinder Loa but still stern, at the same time.

In addition to these nanchons, there are a few more.


Read about Papa Ghede in Michelle Belanger's Book

Papa Ghede of the Gede Nanchon

Papa Ghede is the Loa or spirit of death, to put it into simple terms. He is actually said to be feared by the other Loa but is not exactly evil. Guarding spirits as they cross over into the spiritual world is Papa Ghede's responsibility and he does it with a laugh and a smoke. Usually Papa Ghede is pictured with a cigarette or cigar in his hand, sunglasses on his face, and a big smile on his lips. His personality is known to be jovial and sometimes even whacky. In addition to being the spirit of death, he is also said to be the spirit of sexuality and the guardian of cemeteries.

In Michelle Belanger's Haunted Experiences: Encounters with the Otherworldly, she tells us a wonderfully intriguing story about her first trip to New Orleans. The moment she steps off of her bus into the French Quarter, Michelle feels as though she is being followed. At some point, she notices as tall black man with a top hat and dark sunglasses following her from afar. She recalls that he smells pungently of cigars and rum. The figure does not scare her but she is captivated by its surrealistic nature and wonders why he is following her. It turns out that the figure is Papa Ghede and that he sensed that she has the ability to see and communicate with spirits. Michelle leaves Papa Ghede an offering of cigars and rum before she leaves New Orleans and never again encounters Papa Ghede on her trips to the Big Easy.

While it is true that most of us would be frightened by a spirit of death, perhaps we should not be. These spirits, namely Papa Ghede, are around to help guide us into the afterlife. They help us find out way, sort of like a guardian angel in the Christian faith. Many cultures and religions share a belief in these types of spirits or guardians, so the belief in Papa Ghede is nothing new to the world and therefore should not be frowned upon.

As a side note, Papa Ghede is closely related to Baron Samedi, who is also a Loa of death and sexuality.

Met Kafu of the Petwo Nanchon

As a "trickster and a destroyer of life", Met Kafu is probably not the first Loa you should go seeking assistance from (or ever for that matter). In the Christian religion, he would be related to a demon or to the devil.

Image of Legba, Filled With the Symbol of Legba
Image of Legba, Filled With the Symbol of Legba

Papa Legba of the Rada Nanchon

Papa Legba is a Loa in the Rada nanchon. This means that you can bet Papa Legba is a little less mischievous than Met Kafu or even Papa Ghede. In fact, benevolent might be the correct term to use when referring to good ol' Papa Legba. He is representative of the Sun and is also the son of two major Loa, Dangabala Wedo and Ayida Wedo. Therefore, Legba is also representative of Jesus in the Vodou religion.

Legba is the mediator between the other Loa and the Great Master Spirit (God). He is also the mediator between the Loa and the humans. Every ritual invites Legba into the circle/environment first, before any other Loa can be called upon for assistance. An introductory song usually sounds something like this:

Legba, open the gates for me

So that I may go through

Upon my return I shall greet the Lwa

Voodoo Legba open the gate for me

So that I may come in.


Papa Legba is the guardian of the crossroads between the spirit world and the human world. He bridges the gap between God and human souls, sort of equivalent to Jesus as God's son. Therefore, Papa Legba is a good spirit to call upon during rituals.

Vodou Planning & Reverence

If you plan to invite some of the Loa into your rituals or spiritual path, my advice is to do your research first. Know exactly which nanchon and Loa you will be working with and what their traits are, whether benevolent or mischievous. My advice is not to invite the mischievous Loa into your life, as you are probably an amateur Vodoun and would not know how to handle these types of Loa. Leave that up to the master Vodoun magicians, please.

The Vodoun Loa can be viewed as any other spirit in any other religion or culture, which you must treat with respect and a certain sense or reverence. You wouldn't talk to Michael the archangel in a condescending way would you? So don't expect to be able to "play" around with the Vodoun Loa, as they could be just as powerful as an archangel. In fact, many Vodouns claim that the Loa are actually fallen angels of sorts that God allows to still perform work for him among the humans.

Other than research, planning is important with inviting the Loa into your ritual path. If you know someone who practices Vodou, it might be wise to ask them for their suggestions and advice. Some might even warn against using the Loa in any rituals, some might suggest otherwise. It is all up to you and how you feel about Vodou. If you are scared of it, you should probably stay away from it. If you are curious, learn. Take a trip to New Orleans and learn from a vodoun himself (or herself). Pick up some books on the basics and educate yourself. Knowledge is power. And Vodou is all about what you know.

Familiarize yourself with the Vodoun culture, as well. If you don't understand the people in which the Vodou religion is practiced, then the spirits of Vodou will not respect or understand you! It would sort of be like asking a Native American spirit to aid you in your workings when you know nothing about that particular Native American tribe...it's just rude. Respect and reverence is an absolute necessity when learning the Vodoun Loa and when using them in your rituals.

Written and copyrighted © by Kitty the Dreamer (May Canfield), June 19th, 2011. All Rights Reserved.

This article is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge. Content is for informational or entertainment purposes only and does not substitute for personal counsel or professional advice in business, financial, legal, or technical matters.

Questions & Answers


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    • profile image


      6 years ago

      You did a great job on this Hub! Vodou is a very fascinating and intriguing religion. I believe over the years with all the false Occult movies and books, people have gotten the wrong idea of religions such as Santeria, Yoruba, and such. The first thing they think when Vodou is said, bloody human sacrifices and rooster with their head cut off. I think its an absolutely fascinating religion and I myself wish to study more of it. Again, great job on how you laid the information and organized this Hub!

    • kittythedreamer profile imageAUTHOR

      Kitty Fields 

      7 years ago from Summerland

      Thanks, voodoospell. ;)

    • voodoospell profile image


      7 years ago from 1958 South 950 East Provo

      This hub is very helpful and with a full of information regarding a voodoo.

    • kittythedreamer profile imageAUTHOR

      Kitty Fields 

      7 years ago from Summerland

      Hi, Nell! Thanks so much. Voodoo is extremely fascinating and I'm glad you find it so, as well. :)

    • Nell Rose profile image

      Nell Rose 

      7 years ago from England

      Hi, this was fascinating, I love reading about different faiths, and voodoo is one of the most intriguing, thanks for the great read! cheers nell

    • kittythedreamer profile imageAUTHOR

      Kitty Fields 

      7 years ago from Summerland

      Hi, Kate! I'm so glad you found it so interesting. I find Vodou quite intriguing. Religion in general is something that I've always liked educating myself about and Vodou is no exception. Wow! You visited Haiti? How brave and generous of you! I commend you on your kindness and effort towards the people of Haiti. The world needs more people like you. I plan on doing some more research and writing more about Vodou in the future, so maybe I'll incorporate how Vodou intertwines with Catholicism. :)

    • Kate Spenser profile image

      Kate Spenser 

      7 years ago from Austin, TX

      What a great hub! By far one of the most interesting to show up in my feed in a while. Having studied religion in school, I'm always interested to learn more about religions I know very little about - thanks for such an engaging and informative introduction here!

      I visited Haiti for a week a few years ago to volunteer at a school and one of the most interesting things I learned when preparing for the trip is that in terms of its religious makeup, the majority of the population of Haiti practices Catholicism, and a large majority ALSO practice Vodou. I would really love to learn more about the way these two traditions are integrated in people's practices.

      Voted Up/Interesting!

    • kittythedreamer profile imageAUTHOR

      Kitty Fields 

      7 years ago from Summerland

      Hello again, Stephanie! Thanks so much. I found Vodou to be a very intriguing religion. We definitely have a skewed perception of what Vodou really is. Though there is scary and sometimes bad parts of Vodou, it is really just the particular people that practice it that make it bad. It's just like any other religion. All religions can have their extremists, which give the rest of the followers a bad name. Vodou is no exception to this. It has its extremists too. Unfortunately, Hollywood has taken the extreme part of Vodou and made it seem like the entire religion is that way. It's the same thing with Wicca and witchcraft. Because Hollywood puts a particular image on the religion, everyone believes it to be that one way...which is incorrect. Thanks for stopping by again. And thanks for being open minded!

    • Stephanie Henkel profile image

      Stephanie Henkel 

      7 years ago from USA

      Thanks for a well-researched, informative and interesting hub. Our perception of Voodoo is so influenced by Hollywood that few of us know what the religion entails. I think that your hub helps us to understand it much better.


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