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Earth Elements of the Zodiac Signs: Earth, Air, Fire, and Water

Carolee is a passionate writer with a love for learning and teaching. She is a published author, poet, blogger, and content creator.

For thousands of years, wise men have been using the elements to discern, foretell, and forecast. They can tell you what your child will become, their fortune, and their character depending on when they are born.

These wise men are now known as astrologists—some are respected and some are considered quacks. If you are Christian, you are more likely to believe in the stars and what they foretell because of the star that brought the wise men to Jesus.

Astrology has been connected with science to determine who we are by our element sign, and these are the four elements in nature.

Just as each person is born under a star or zodiac, each sign is also connected to one of earth's four elements. I will be explaining these elements and their meanings.

There are four elements and 12 zodiac signs, meaning each element has three signs of the zodiac connected to it.


There are three zodiacs attached to the element of earth. The earth signs are:

  • Taurus: April 20–May 20
  • Virgo: August 23–September 22
  • Capricorn: December 22–January 19

Element earth can be described as pigheaded, stubborn, or determined. When they decide on something, it will take the hand of God to change their minds.

Maybe their stability comes from the earth as they tend to be very stable. Compared to the other signs, they are less roving and wavering. They provide a solid foundation for family and are absolutely reliable.

Persons born under these signs are somewhat perfectionists. They are hard workers and will break their backs getting the task done. They will not let up until a task is completed and done to their utmost best. They are patient, down to earth, or real in their thinking with great reasoning ability and ability to compromise.

They are not as flexible and sensitive but empathetic nonetheless. They get pleasure from serving others but want no glory for it.

Because of their rigidity at times, they will pass up opportunities that will make their lives better. They hate change and newness and love to stick with their old ways. They feel content with routine and are not very spontaneous, yet can be unpredictable at times.

Earth signs are worriers and never take things at face value. They are always seeking to find the truth. If something makes no sense or isn't clear, you can rest assured they will figure it out. They cannot be easily led or fooled.

Earth signs are protective, supportive, and caring. Earth signs are compatible with water signs.


There are three zodiacs attached to the element air. The air signs are:

  • Gemini: May 21–June 21
  • Libra: September 23–October 23
  • Aquarius: January 20–February 18

Air signs like change and cannot stay in one place. Just like their sign, air, they are always moving. They are very unpredictable, and you can never really pin them down. Their personalities and mood changes, just like the weather.

They love attention and love to talk. They communicate well and make friends easily. These people usually gravitate towards public speaking and are not shy at all.

Air signs are less emotional than water and earth and will divert their conversation away from touchy-feely subjects. It's very hard for these people to commit to long term relationships as they hate to be tied down. They tend to be impractical at times, making them very unreliable.

Air signs work well with fire signs as fire needs air for its sustenance.


There are three zodiacs attached to the element water. The water signs are:

  • Cancer: June 22–July 22
  • Scorpio: October 23–November 21
  • Pisces: February 19–March 20

Very empathetic and compassionate people are water signs. They tend to be flexible and conform easily to situations around them. Water signs are emotional and have deep thoughts and feelings. They are expressive, loving, sensitive, and nurturing.

The people born under this sign are self-sacrificing and will give their last to please you. Unselfish and kind, they are and will do anything to make you feel better, even ignoring their own feelings, sometimes to their detriment.

Water signs are very quiet people and tend to like being alone. Because they are so emotional and dramatic, they are prone to emotional breakdowns, mental illnesses, alcohol, or drug addictions. They are reclusive by nature, which often means that they become compulsive and fearful.

These signs want to know that they can trust you, and this is a primary requirement in any of their relationships. They are loyal and will never cheat as their feelings run too deep for that. If you break that trust, it is hard to get it back.

They blend well with earth signs which brings stability, balance, and consistency to their lives. They do not get along with fire and air signs as they are too unstable and unpredictable.

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There are three zodiacs attached to the element fire. The fire signs are:

  • Aries: March 21–April 19
  • Leo: July 23–August 22
  • Sagittarius: November 22–December 21

Dominant, powerful and sometimes overbearing, as fires are so are these signs. Fire signs are born leaders. They are bright and very warm and like to take control. Fire signs are always in your face, so you always know they are there.

Persons born to this sign are often accused of being arrogant because of their proud and confident nature. They are always up front and at the head of the pack and will to tell you as it is. They are never secretive and do not know subtlety.

Fires tend to burn in one location only if they have enough material and air to sustain them; otherwise, they have to keep moving. So are fire signs. They will settle if they have what they desire; otherwise, you cannot contain them.

Fire emits energy, so do people born of this sign. They give off their energy and are considered motivators, though not very sympathetic or sensitive.

If you know someone who is uncaring and likes to use and walk over people, chances are you are in the company of a fire sign. They have no patience for weak, emotional, or needy people. They tend to be selfish and all for themselves. They will use their family or co-workers to make it big.

They are compatible with air signs because fire needs air to survive. Air signs provide a needed boost to their ego, just the way air provides oxygen to fire.

They are not too keen on thinking and things of an intellectual nature. They don't like communications either and will try to suppress your thoughts and emotions if they can. They are not supportive, and they will climb over you to reach the top.

Do You Know People Born of These Elements?

I must tell you that I know people belonging to all four elements and they are just as the signs say. However, a person's personality is dependent on several factors, such as genetics and their socialization.

There may be some characteristics that are not consistent with their sign. Are your characteristics consistent with your earth sign?

This article is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge. Content is for informational or entertainment purposes only and does not substitute for personal counsel or professional advice in business, financial, legal, or technical matters.

© 2012 Carolee Samuda


Abby on February 28, 2020:

I have that power in life so it makes sense

Sandi on January 29, 2020:

This explains why I can't understand people in my life.

Claudia Sinecio on January 08, 2020:

I have 0 patience for needy, weak, sensible, emotional people. They are annoying as hell !!!! I often tell them "can you use your brain for once in a life and think and have some common sense instead of crying and worry for your "feelings"???" Yep I am a Sagittarius

Fireman on June 25, 2015:

I guess you were a bit harsh on Fire because you're an Earth sign and we have the ascendant on you guys... ;) It's okay Cardisa, we're not that bad honestly ! Xx

Carolee Samuda (author) from Jamaica on August 25, 2012:

Hi James, I hope you looked up my birthday, it's May 16...lol...Happy to see you.

James W. Nelson from eastern North Dakota on August 25, 2012:

Hi Carolee, I enjoyed these charts, and have known people from all of them, I think. I do kind of believe in Astrology, and whenever I've met a girl and liked her, as soon as I discovered her birthday I would look her up.

Carolee Samuda (author) from Jamaica on August 25, 2012:

Hey Kelly, sorry about the chart, I will try to find one that has all the signs correctly. You are Sagittarius so the chart should be to December 21.

Kelly Umphenour from St. Louis, MO on August 25, 2012:

Very interesting and cool Cardisa!

I'm December 21 and interesting is the chart at the top totally excluded that date!

I'm think your analysis is really correct and my husband is an Aquarius - so air sign! Lol

Carolee Samuda (author) from Jamaica on August 24, 2012:

Thank you Ruby. That's why I decided to share it because it is so accurate. Everyone I know is spot on as well.

Ruby Jean Richert from Southern Illinois on August 24, 2012:

This is so interesting and i must say that it hits me spot on and my friend Tom too. Very enjoyable read. Thank you Cardisa..